Atopic eczema children, causes and remedies
dry skin (xerotica), redness and itching are the distinctive signs of 'atopic eczema, an increasingly common dermatitis given the incidence tripled in industrialized areas.
Atopic eczema in children
About 15% of small, from one to seven years of age, has this type of dermatitis that, in 60% of cases, occurs within the first two years of life. Sometimes it disappears spontaneously or if it is manifested at an early age and is accompanied by familiar, can also persist into adulthood.
Dermatitis is a congenital and genetic but can develop sensitivity to other factors such as diet or taking medication. Atopic eczema can occur acutely with reddened patches (sometimes local swelling and small blisters) and in chronic form with injuries due to continuous scratching by the child.
Most people have children, hand in hand, increased susceptibility to respiratory type allergies.
Causes of atopic eczema
For 'World Health Organization the number one cause of atopic eczema is pollution. The unhealthy environment favors the onset of an allergic basis, from which the atopic event. Among the main factors that are at the head of atopic dermatitis those immunological (allergic reactions) and non-immunological such as psycho-autonomic disorders, skin lipid metabolism disorders, bacterial infections, irritation from clothing, detergents and other substances, cool and dry climate.
Atopic eczema and stress
According to some studies of conditions anxiety-inducing stress make the skin more permeable and, therefore, more vulnerable to dermatitis and more specifically atopic eczema.
One would somatize emotions and everyday experiences as working problems, school or family bereavement.
Atopic eczema and food
it was thought for a long time that atopic eczema depended closely by 'intolerance to certain foods, those potentially involved are milk, eggs, wheat, fish. Only rarely is the "problem" foods are more than two. In case of intolerance is limited (or eliminated for at least 1-2 months), the consumption of cow's milk, of foods containing additives and preservatives; are advised to consume more fruits and vegetables and limit (or eliminate at least 1-2 months) canned foods.
When you resort to therapeutic diet?
- cases of eczema very widespread and highly pruritic (form of medium or high severity);
- younger than 3 years (usually within 3 years children acquire tolerance to allergenic foods).
The diet should be maintained for 2-4 weeks and obtained the healing or improvement, you go to the reintroduction of food. Each food is introduced individually and in large quantities.
Atopic eczema, treatment
What treatments followed for the atopic eczema? Here are three:
- treatment with medication (cortisone ointments with anti-inflammatory and antihistamine effect for reducing itching, often accompanied by immunomodulators, drugs that affect the immune system);
- cleansing the skin with suitable products (Mustela It presents a complete line for the treatment and the hygiene useful to restore the skin barrier and reduce inflammation);
- reducing exposure to allergens responsible.
The child will be subjected to frequent visits every 2-8 weeks, the specialist may change from time to time depending on the treatment of skin reactions.
Tips for parents:
- avoid long baths that will further dry out your skin, better to opt for a quick shower and warm;
- avoid low pH detergents or foamy, use, rather oily cleaners, fragrance-free and recommended by dermatologists;
- apply emollient creams, based for example thermal water, with the effect of reducing the dryness of the skin and the amount of cortisone that applied in excessive amounts makes the very thin skin;
- wool and synthetic fabrics, in contact with the skin, have an irritating effect. fabrics like cotton, linen, silk and viscose are best suited.
Atopic eczema and natural cures
Among the natural remedies prepared from medicinal plants, here are some:
- ribes nigrum glycerine macerate (50-100 drops per day for adults, half dose for children);
- vonirnum lantana, great if atopic dermatitis is associated with asthma;
- fagus sylvatica, It has good antihistamine properties and may be associated with other preparations to increase their effectiveness;
- oleolito helichrysum, calendula and lavender to soften the skin. The preparation is used in hydrotherapy with oil baths.
Atopic eczema and sun, the benefits
It is seen that sunlight favors a lower reactivity of the skin, so the prudent exposure of children to the sun brings benefit to the skin. The beneficial effects also depend on the maritime climate. If the child does not present symptoms of acute irritation or cracking, you can go to the beach in the coolest hours of the day (in the morning until 11.00 and in the afternoon after 16:00 to 16:30). Otherwise, exposure to sunlight, contact with the sand, sweat and salt can worsen the situation.
Among other recommendations it is good to apply the protection (sunscreen filters that combine chemical and physical) before reaching the beach and after swimming. When returning from the beach is a must a quick shower with warm water and an emollient oil-based cleanser.